Water Sustainability for China and Beyond

Author(s):

Jianguo Liu and Wu Yang

Journal or Book Title: Science

Keywords: China; water; sustainability;

Volume/Issue: 337

Page Number(s): 649

Year Published: 2012

Abstract:

A water crisis has prompted the Chinese government to develop an ambitious water conservancy plan. However, the plan may not achieve water sustainability and may cause unintended environmental and socioeconomic consequences, unless it accounts for complex human-nature interactions ( 1). Water shortages, for example, force people to find alternatives, such as treatment facilities, whose land and energy requirements aggravate food and energy production, which need large amounts of water. Other nations face similar challenges and share real water from China along international rivers and/or virtual water through trade. Water problems are particularly challenging in China, which has the largest population, fastest-growing economy, rising water demand, relatively scarce water, dated infrastructure, and inadequate governance. We highlight China’s water crisis and plan, and  then offer recommendations.

DOI: 10.1126/science.1219471

Type of Publication: Journal Article

shadow