Jianguo "Jack" Liu

Jianguo "Jack" Liu

Director and sustainability scholar

Office Phone: 517-432-5025

Email: liuji@msu.edu


 A human-environment scientist and sustainability scholar, Jianguo "Jack" Liu holds the Rachel Carson Chair in Sustainability, is University Distinguished Professor of fisheries and wildlife at Michigan State University and serves as director of the Center for Systems Integration and Sustainability.

Jack Liu at tree in China

Liu takes a holistic approach to addressing complex human-environmental challenges through systems integration, which means he integrates multiple disciplines such as ecology and social sciences. He is particularly keen to connect seemingly unconnected issues, for example divorce and environmental sustainability. His work has been published in journals such as Nature and Science and has been widely covered by the international news media.

Liu has served on various international and national committees and panels. He is a member of the Board of Reviewing Editors for Science and is a coordinating lead author of the global assessment of biodiversity and ecosystem services organized by the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services.

Liu also is the founder of the International Network of Research on Coupled Human and Natural Systems (CHANS-Net.org) and is a past president of the U.S. Regional Association of the International Association for Landscape Ecology.

In recognition of his efforts and achievements in research, teaching, and service, Liu has received many awards, such as being elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Philosophical Society and named a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).  He has received the Guggenheim Fellowship Award, the CAREER Award from the National Science Foundation, the Distinguished Landscape Ecologist Award and the Distinguished Service Award from US-IALE and the Sustainability Science Award and the Aldo Leopold Leadership Fellowship from the Ecological Society of America, as well as being named a Fellow in the society.

Clarivate Analytics

In 2018 he was named in the annual Clarivate Analytics Highly Cited Researchers List, which recognizes influential researchers around the world.

Liu came to MSU after completing his postdoctoral work at Harvard University. He also was a visiting scholar at Stanford, Harvard and Princeton.

Research Interests:

Coupled human and natural systems (CHANS); sustainability; telecoupling; China's environment; household-environment interactions; systems integration and modeling.


Title Book/Journal Year
Impacts of international trade on global sustainable development Nature Sustainability 2020
Global marine fishing across space and time Sustainability 2020
Assessing progress towards sustainable development over space and time Nature 2020
Hidden Loss of Wetlands in China Current Biology 2019
Activating values for encouraging pro-environmental behavior: the role of religious fundamentalism and willingness to sacrifice Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences 2019
Telecoupled impacts of livestock trade on non-communicable diseases Globalization and Health 2019
Alignment of social and ecological structures increased the ability of river management Science Bulletin 2019
Using the telecoupling framework to improve Great Lakes fisheries sustainability Aquatic Ecosystem Health & Management 2019
Guidance for assessing interregional ecosystem service flows Ecological Indicators 2019
Governing flows in telecoupled land systems Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 2019
Telecoupled Food Trade Affects Pericoupled Trade and Intracoupled Production Sustainability 2019
International Tourism Dynamics in a Globalized World: A Social Network Analysis Approach Journal of Travel Research 2019
Effectiveness of China’s protected areas in reducing deforestation Environmental Science and Pollution Research 2019
What is Telecoupling? Telecoupling -- Exploring Land-Use Change in a Globalised World 2019
Interactive national virtual water-energy nexus networks Science of the Total Environment 2019
Spatial-temporal assessment of water footprint, water scarcity and crop water productivity in a major crop production region Journal of Cleaner Production 2019
The Role of Citizen Science in Conservation under the Telecoupling Framework Sustainability 2019
Interactive National Virtual Water-Energy Nexus Networks Science of The Total Environment 2019
Shift in a national virtual energy network Applied Energy 2019
Telecoupling Research: The First Five Years Sustainability 2019
Evolution of multiple global virtual material flows Science of The Total Environment 2019
Complex interrelationships between ecosystem services supply and tourism demand: General framework and evidence from the origin of three Asian rivers Sustainability 2018
Toward rigorous telecoupling causal attribution: a systematic review and typology Sustainability 2018
Global relationships between biodiversity and nature-based tourism in protected areas Ecosystem Services 2018
China's Environment on a Metacoupled Planet Annual Review of Environment and Resources 2018
Network analysis as a tool for quantifying the dynamics of metacoupled systems: an example using global soybean trade Ecology and Society 2018
An integrated framework for achieving sustainable development goals around the world Ecology, Economy and Society - the INSEE Journal 2018
Nexus approaches to global sustainable development Nature Sustainability 2018
Complex effects of natural disasters on protected areas through altered telecouplings Ecology and Society 2018
Feedback of telecoupling: the case of a payments for ecosystem services program Ecology and Society 2018
Neglected environmental health impacts of China's supply-side structural reform Environmental International 2018
Changes in Human Well-being and Rural Livelihoods Under Natural Disasters Ecological Economics 2018
The Telecoupling GeoApp: A Web-GIS application to systematically analyze telecouplings and sustainable development Applied Geography 2018
Spillover systems in a telecoupled Anthropocene: typology, methods, and governance for global sustainability Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability 2018
Importing food damages domestic environment: Evidence from global soybean trade PNAS 2018
Global cropping intensity gaps: Increasing food production without cropland expansion Land Use Policy 2018
Revealing pathways from payments for ecosystem services to socioeconomic outcomes Science Advances 2018
Interregional flows of ecosystem services: Concepts, typology and four cases Ecosystem Services 2018
Uncertainty of future projections of species distributions in mountainous regions Plos ONE 2018
Peruvian anchoveta as a telecoupled fisheries system Ecology and Society 2018
Cropping System Conversion led to Organic Carbon Change in China’s Mollisols Regions Scientific Reports 2017
Effects of grain size and niche breadth on species distribution modeling Ecography 2017
Integration across a metacoupled world Ecology and Society 2017
Telecoupling Toolbox: spatially explicit tools for studying telecoupled human and natural systems Ecology and Society 2017
Accounting for ecosystem services in compensating for the costs of effective conservation in protected areas Biological Conservation 2017
Reassessing the conservation status of the giant panda using remote sensing Nature Ecology and Evolution 2017
A looming tragedy of the sand commons Science 2017
Quantifying changes in water use and groundwater availability in a megacity using novel integrated systems modeling Geophysical Research Letters 2017
The Sino-Brazilian Telecoupled Soybean System and Cascading Effects for the Exporting Country Land 2017
The telecoupling framework: an integrative tool for enhancing fisheries management Fisheries 2017
Range-wide evaluation of wildlife habitat change: A demonstration using Giant Pandas Biological Conservation 2017
Top 40 questions in coupled human and natural systems (CHANS) research Ecology and Society 2017
Hidden roles of protected areas in the conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services Ecosphere 2017
Climate variability and trends at a national scale Scientific Reports 2017
Reply to Bridgewater and Babin: Need for a new protected area category for ecosystem services PNAS 2017
Modeling activity patterns of wildlife using time- series analysis Ecology and Evolution 2017
Divergent responses of sympatric species to livestock encroachment at fine spatiotemporal scales Biological Conservation 2017
Telecoupling framework for research on migratory species in the Anthropocene Elementa - Science of the Anthropocene 2017
Telecoupled land-use changes in distant countries Journal of Integrative Agriculture 2017
Strengthening protected areas for biodiversity and ecosystem services in China PNAS 2017
Variation of soil hydraulic properties with alpine grassland degradation in the Eastern Tibetan Plateau Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 2017
South–south cooperation for large-scale ecological restoration Restoration Ecology 2016
Conservation planning beyond giant pandas: the need for an innovative telecoupling framework Science China - Life Sciences 2016
New road for telecoupling global prosperity and ecological sustainability Ecosystem Health and Sustainability 2016
Urban water sustainability: framework and application Ecology and Society 2016
Habitat Use and Selection by Giant Pandas PLoS ONE 2016
Improvements in ecosystem services from investments in natural capital Science 2016
Energy sustainability under the framework of telecoupling Energy 2016
Effects of conservation policy on China’s forest recovery Science Advances 2016
Telemetry research on elusive wildlife: a synthesis of studies on giant pandas Integrative Zoology 2016
Pandas and People - Coupling Human and Natural Systems for Sustainability Pandas and People 2016
Framing ecosystem services in the telecoupled Anthropocene Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2016
Land surface phenology as an indicator of biodiversity patterns Ecological Indicators 2016
Effects of payments for ecosystem services on wildlife habitat recovery Conservation Biology 2016
Exploring spatially variable relationships between NDVI and climatic factors in a transition zone using geographically weighted regression Theoretical and Applied Climatology 2015
The distance decay of similarity in climate variation and vegetation dynamics Environmental Earth Sciences 2015
Nonlinear features and complexity patterns of vegetation dynamics in the transition zone of North China Ecological Indicators 2015
Telecoupling in urban water systems: an examination of Beijing’s imported water supply Water International 2015
Evolution of tourism in a flagship protected area of China Journal of Sustainable Tourism 2015
Multiple telecouplings and their complex interrelationships Ecology and Society 2015
Meta-studies in land use science: Current coverage and prospects Ambio 2015
Spatiotemporal patterns of non-genetically modified crops in the era of expansion of genetically modified food Scientific Reports 2015
Synthesis of human-nature feedbacks Ecology and Society 2015
Activity patterns of the giant panda Journal of Mammology 2015
An integrated approach to understanding the linkages between ecosystem services and human well-being Ecosystem Health and Sustainability 2015
Promises and perils for the panda Science 2015
Space use by endangered giant pandas Journal of Mammalogy 2015
Hidden Benefits of Electric Vehicles for Addressing Climate Change Scientific Reports 2015
Systems integration for global sustainability Science 2015
Impacts of people and tigers on leopard spatiotemporal activity patterns in a global biodiversity hotspot Global Ecology and Conservation 2015
A synthesis of giant panda habitat selection Ursus 2014
Synchronized peak-rate years of global resources use Ecology and Society 2014
Rethinking China’s new great wall Science 2014
Pandas, Plants, and People Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 2014
Coupled human and natural systems approach to wildlife research and conservation Ecology and Society 2014
Economic development and coastal ecosystem change in China Scientific Reports 2014
Significance of Telecoupling for Exploration of Land-Use Change Rethinking Global land Use in an Urban Era 2014
Applications of the Telecoupling Framework to Land-Change Science Rethinking Global land Use in an Urban Era 2014
Impact of Livestock on Giant Pandas and their Habitat Journal for Nature Conservation 2014
Natural recovery and restoration in giant panda habitat after the Wenchuan earthquake Forest Ecology and Management 2014
Long­term dynamics of household size and their environmental implications Population and Environment 2014
Assessing the Effectiveness of Payments for Ecosystem Services: an Agent-Based Modeling Approach Ecology & Society 2014
Evaluating Conservation Effectiveness of Nature Reserves Established for Surrogate Species: Case of a Giant Panda Nature Reserve in Qinling Mountains, China Chinese Geographical Science 2014
Forest Sustainability in China and Implications for a Telecoupled World Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies 2014
The Housing Bomb: Why Our Addiction to Houses Is Destroying the Environment and Threatening Our Society 2013
Assessing spatiotemporal changes in tiger habitat across different land management regimes Ecosphere 2013
Integrated assessments of payments for ecosystem services programs PNAS 2013
Complex Forces Affect China’s Biodiversity Conservation Biology: Voices from the Tropics 2013
A low-carbon road map for China Nature 2013
Revising China’s Environmental Law Science 2013
Spatial Assessment of Attitudes Toward Tigers in Nepal AMBIO 2013
Performance and prospects of payments for ecosystem services programs: Evidence from China Journal of Environmental Management 2013
Framing Sustainability in a Telecoupled World Ecology and Society 2013
Nonlinear effects of group size on collective action and resource outcomes PNAS 2013
Going Beyond the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment: An Index System of Human Well-Being PLoS One 2013
Going Beyond the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment: An Index System of Human Dependence on Ecosystem Services PLoS One 2013
Effects of Global Household Proliferation on Ecosystem Services Landscape Ecology for Sustainable Environment and Culture 2013
Water conservancy projects in China: Achievements, challenges and way forward Global Environmental Change 2013
Evaluation of Ecosystem Service Policies from Biophysical and Social Perspectives: The Case of China Encyclopedia of Biodiversity 2013
Effects of conservation policies on forest cover change in giant panda habitat regions, China Land Use Policy 2013
Climate-change impacts on understorey bamboo species and giant pandas in China’s Qinling Mountains Nature Climate Change 2013
Inter- and transdisciplinary approaches to population-environment research for sustainability aims: a review and appraisal Population and Environment 2013
Improving the efficiency of conservation policies with the use of surrogates derived from remotely sensed and ancillary data Ecological Indicators 2012
Modelling for forest management synergies and trade-offs: Northern hardwood tree regeneration, timber and deer Ecological Modelling 2012
Coexistence between wildlife and humans at fine spatial scales PNAS 2012
Water Sustainability for China and Beyond Science 2012
Utility of a psychological framework for carnivore conservation Oryx 2012
How Perceived Exposure to Environmental Harm Influences Environmental Behavior in Urban China AMBIO 2012
Weak Ties, Labor Migration, and Environmental Impacts: Toward a Sociology of Sustainability Organization & Environment 2012
Drivers and Socioeconomic Impacts of Tourism Participation in Protected Areas PLoS One 2012
Relationship between floristic similarity and vegetated land surface phenology: Implications for the synoptic monitoring of species diversity at broad geographic regions Remote Sensing of Environment 2012
Long-Term Ecological Effects of Demographic and Socioeconomic Factors in Wolong Nature Reserve (China) Human Population: Its Influences on Biological Diversity 2011
Assessing Attitudes Toward Wildlife Ownership in United States–Mexico Borderlands Society and Natural Resources 2011
Evaluating the efficacy of zoning designations for protected area management Biological Conservation 2011
Combined long-term effects of variable tree regeneration and timber management on forest songbirds and timber production Forest Ecology and Management 2011
Agent-based modeling of the effects of social norms on enrollment in payments for ecosystem services Ecological Modeling 2011
Impact of the 2008 Wenchuan earthquake on biodiversity and giant panda habitat in Wolong Nature Reserve, China Ecological Research 2011
Research on Coupled Human and Natural Systems (CHANS): Approach, Challenges, and Strategies Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 2011
Temporal transferability of wildlife habitat models: implications for habitat monitoring Journal of Biogeography. 2011
Effects of attitudinal and sociodemographic factors on pro-environmental behaviour in urban China Environmental Conservation 2011
The Largest World's Fair Science 2010
Views of Private-Land Stewardship among Latinos on the Texas-Tamaulipas Border Environmental Communication 2010
From plot to landscape scale: linking tropical biodiversity measurements across spatial scales Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 2010
An Integration of Habitat Evaluation, Individual Based Modeling, and Graph Theory for a Potential Black Bear Population Recovery in Southeastern Texas, USA Landscape Ecology 2010
Using cost-effective targeting to enhance the efficiency of conservation investments in payments for ecosystem services. Conservation Biology 2010
Effects of local and regional landscape characteristics on wildlife distribution across managed forests Forest Ecology and Management 2010
China, India, and the Environment Science 2010
China’s Road to Sustainability Science 2010
Mapping understory vegetation using phenological characteristics derived from remotely sensed data Remote Sensing of Environment 2010
Range-wide analysis of wildlife habitat: Implications for conservation Biological Conservation 2010
Long-term effects of family planning and other determinants of fertility on population and Environment: Agent-Based Modeling Evidence from Wolong Nature Reserve, China Population and Environment 2010
Sustainability: A Household Word Science 2010
China’s Environmental Challenges and Implications for the World Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology 2010
Effects of Natural Disasters on Conservation Policies: The Case of the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake, China Ambio 2010
Two from China Science 2010
The impact of giant panda foraging on bamboo dynamics in an isolated environment Plant Ecology 2010
Article written on the background of the Nature paper (China's Environment in a globalizing world) Science Focus (In Chinese) 2009
Spatial and temporal patterns of fuelwood collection in Wolong Nature Reserve: Implications for panda conservation Landscape and Urban Planning 2009
Factors affecting land reconversion plans following a payment for ecosystem service program Biological Conservation 2009
Linking social norms to efficient conservation investment in payments for ecosystem services PNAS 2009
Evaluating Hunter Support for Black Bear Restoration in East Texas Human Dimensions of Wildlife 2009
Impacts of Religion on Environmental Worldviews: The Teton Valley Case Society and Natural Resources 2008
Property rights and landscape planning in the intermountain west: The Teton Valley case Landscape and Urban Planning 2008
Human Impacts on Regional Avian Diversity and Abundance Conservation Biology 2008
Effects of Fuelwood Collection and Timber Harvesting on Giant Panda Habitat Use Biological Conservation 2008
Evaluating MODIS Data for Mapping Wildlife Habitat Distribution Remote Sensing of Environment 2008
Evaluating Household-Level Relationships between Environmental Views and Outdoor Recreation: The Teton Valley Case Leisure Sciences An Interdisciplinary Journal 2008
Land use change: complexity and comparisons Journal of Land Use Science 2008
In Their Words: Integrate Disciplines Nature 2008
Policy Forum Offered New Ideas Science 2008
Distribution of Economic Benefits from Ecotourism: A Case Study of Wolong Nature Reserve for Giant Pandas in China Environmental Management 2008
Ecological and Socioeconomic Effects of China’s Policies for Ecosystem Services PNAS 2008
Revolutionizing China's Environmental Protection Science 2008
Influence of Urban Immigrants on Outdoor Recreation and Land Use in Teton Valley Journal of Park and Recreation Administration 2007
Reconciling Wildlife Management’s Conflicted Purpose With a Land Community Worldview Journal of Wildlife Management 2007
The Impact of Water Security on Freshwater Fisheries Management: A Multinational Perspective American Fisheries Soceity Symposium 49 2007
Spatial Distribution of Attitudes Toward Proposed Management Strategies for a Wildlife Recovery Human Dimensions of Wildlife 2007
Temporal changes in giant panda habitat connectivity across boundaries of Wolong Nature Reserve, China Ecological Applications 2007
A household perspective for biodiversity conservation Journal of Wildlife Management 2007
Resident Attitudes toward Black Bears and Population Recovery in East Texas Human Dimensions of Wildlife 2007
Land Use Change Around Protected Areas: Management to Balance Human Needs and Ecological Function Ecological Applications 2007
Environmental Impacts of Divorce PNAS 2007
Coupled Human and Natural Systems Ambio 2007
Complexity of Coupled Human and Natural Systems Science 2007
Designing a conservation plan for protecting the habitat for giant pandas in the Qionglai mountain range, China Diversity and Distributions 2006
Assessment of giant panda habitat in the Daxiangling Mountain Range, Sichuan, China Biodiversity Science (in Chinese) 2006
Linking Land-Change Science and Policy: Current Lessons and Future Integration Key Public Policy Lessons from Land-Change Science 2006
Local spatial modeling of white-tailed deer distribution Ecological Modelling 2006
A New Spatial-Attribute Weighting Function For Geographically Weighted Regression Canadian Journal of Forest Research 2006
Interactive Effects Of Natural And Human Disturbances On Vegetation Dynamics Across Landscapes Ecological Applications 2006
Impacts of Demographic and Socioeconomic Factors on Spatio-temporal Dynamics of Panda Habitat Biodiversity and Conservation 2006
Effects of Zoonotic Disease Attributes on Public Attitudes Towards Wildlife Management The Journal of Wildlife Management 2006
Progress toward Restoring the Everglades Progress toward Restoring the Everglades 2006
Wildlife Loss through Domestication: the Case of Endangered Key Deer Conservation Biology 2005
Modeling the spatio-temporal dynamics and interactions of households, landscapes, and giant panda habitat Ecological Modelling 2005
Exploring Complexity in a Human-Environment System: An Agent-based Spatial Model for Multidisciplinary and Multiscale Integration Annals of the Association of American Geographers 2005
Beyond Population Size: Examining Intricate Interactions among Population Structure, Land Use, and Environment in Wolong Nature Reserve (China) Population, Land Use, and Environment Research Directions 2005
China’s Environment in a Globalizing World-How China and the Rest of the World Affect Each Other Nature 2005
Assessing Landowner Activities Related to Birds Across Rural-to-Urban Landscapes Environmental Management 2004
A New Paradigm for Panda Research and Conservation Giant Panda: Conservation Priorities for the 21st Century 2004
Science Commentary: SARS, Wildlife, and Human Health Science 2003
Human Impacts on Land Cover and Panda Habitat in Wolong Nature Reserve Linking Ecological, Socioeconomic, Demographic, and Behavioral Data People and the Environment:Approaches for Linking Household and Community Surveys to Remote Sensing and GIS 2003
Adolescents Leaving Parental Home: Psychosocial Correlates and Implications for Conservation Population and Environment 2003
Effects of household dynamics on resource consumption and biodiversity Nature 2003
Protecting China 's biodiversity Science 2003
The Recovery Processes of Giant Panda Habitat in Wolong Nature Reserve, Sichuan China (Chinese) Acta Ecologica Sinica 2002
Some Roots of Terrorism Population and Environment 2002
Peer Review in the Classroom BioScience 2002
Modeling the Choice to Switch from Fuelwood to Electricity Implications for Giant Panda Habitat Conservation Ecological Economics 2002
Integrating Landscape Ecology into Natural Resources Management Cambridge University Press 2002
DeerKBS: A Knowledge-Based System for White-Tailed Deer Management Ecological Modelling 2001
Spatial and Temporal Dynamics of Endangered Species Hotspots in the United States Conservation Biology 2001
A Socio-Economic-Ecological Simulation Model of Land Acquisition to Expand a National Wildlife Refuge Ecological Modelling 2001
Simulating Demographic and Socioeconomic Processes on Household Level and Implications for Giant Panda Habitats Ecological Modelling 2001
Ecological degradation in protected areas: The Case of Wolong Nature Reserve for Giant Pandas Science 2001
Integrating ecology with human demography, behavior, and socioeconomics: Needs and approaches Ecological Modelling 2001
Community structure analysis of giant panda habitat in Wolong Acta Ecologica Sinica (In Chinese) 2000
Studying Wildlife at Local and Landscape Scales: Bachman's Sparrows at the Savannah River Site Studies in Avian Biology 2000
A Global Programme in Interdisciplinary Forest Research: The CTFS Perspective Journal of Tropical Forest Science 1999
White-tailed Deer Management Options Model (DeerMOM): Design, Quantification, and Application Ecological Modelling 1999
Stimulating Effects of Landscape Context and Timber Harvest on Tree Species Diversity Ecological Applications 1999
Spatial and Temporal Impacts of Adjacent Areas on the Dynamics of Species Diversity in a Primary Forest Cambridge Press 1999
Changes in Human Population Structure: Implications for Biodiversity Conservation Population and Environment: A Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies 1999
Framework for Evaluating the Effects of Human Factors on Wildlife Habitat: the Case of Giant Pandas Conservation Biology 1999
FORMOSAIC: An Individual-Based Spatially Explicit Model for Simulating Forest Dynamics in Landscape Mosaics Ecological Modelling 1998
Individual-based simulation models for forest succession and management Forest Ecology and Management 1995
Linking contemporary vegetation models and spatially explicit animal population models Ecological Applications 1995
Usefulness of spatially explicit animal models in land management Ecological Applications 1995
Potential Effects of a Forest Management Plan on Bachman's Sparrows (Aimophila aestivalis): Linking a Spatially Explicit Model with GIS Conservation Biology 1995
Ecological and economic effects of forest landscape structure and rotation length: simulation studies using ECOLECON Ecological Economics 1994
Modeling animal populations in changing landscapes IBIS 1994
Discounting initial population sizes for predicting extinction probabilities in patchy environments Ecological Modelling 1993
ECOLECON: A spatially-explicit model for ECOLogical-ECONomics of species conservation in complex forest landscapes Ecological Modelling 1993
Population dynamics in complex landscapes: a case study Ecological Applications 1992