China

Sept. 26, 2013

Rewarding people to behave in ways that protect natural resources and biodiversity – stop growing a crop here, plant trees there -- is a globally popular conservation approach.  But not all the socioeconomic and environmental costs, or benefits, show up on a tidy bill.

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August 9, 2013

China, with its enormous cities and vast countryside, is a potential star in the ongoing global drama of slashing carbon emissions. In this week’s Nature, six sustainability experts propose a script.

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July 11, 2013

中国环境污染已经带来一系列社会问题:居民失去了新鲜空气,担心饮用水污染,关注不断出现的食品安全问题等。

密歇根州立大学(MSU)可持续发展专家和其他4位科学家共同为修订中国环境保护法献计献策,将于七月十二日(星期五)在《科学》杂志上发表 “修订中国环境法”一文。

MSU系统综合与可持续性发展中心主任、雷切尔·卡森讲席教授刘建国认为:“自从1979年环境保护法建立以来,中国环境背景已经发生了巨大变化。中国GDP排名升至世界第二,城市化程度加剧,伴随而来的却是大量河流干涸,许多地区空气污染严重。”

“中国需要立足于当前的环境状况,重新审议中国环境保护法,抓住时机适时协调人类与自然之间的关系。关键是要把中国看作一个‘人类与自然耦合系统’,如果人类过度透支自然资源,一旦自然无法承受,人类就会遭殃。”例如,污染的有毒空气会增加患中风、心脏病和癌症的几率,严重污染已经造成中国北方地区居民平均寿命减少五年半。

七月十二日将发表的《科学》文章概述了中国最高立法机构全国人民代表大会修订中国环境保护法过程中所面临的挑战。刘建国认为,现行的中国环境保护法是建立在城市化水平低、环境问题较少的欠发达国家基础上。当时中国的自然资源也比现在丰富得多。

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July 11, 2013

China’s 34-year-old Environmental Protection Law (EPL) was created when it made sense for legislators in a developing country to trade environmental well being for a boost to the gross domestic product (GDP).

Today, as China wrestles with pollution that is leaving its citizens gasping for clean air, worried about water quality and concerned for the safety of the food grown there, scientists including a Michigan State University (MSU) sustainability expert offer guidelines for revising the EPL to protect both humans and nature.

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July 1, 2013

In the past decade, China has sunk some impressive numbers to preserve its forests, but until now, there hasn’t been much data to give a true picture of how it has simultaneously affected both the people and the environment.

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